Tanzania is easily accessible by air, rail, sea and road.
The major International airports include: Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA); Zanzibar International Airport (ZIA); Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA); and Mwanza Airport.
Major world airlines like Emirates, British Airways, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Air India, Swiss Air, Egypt Air, Air Malawi, Air Mozambique, Air Uganda, South African Airways, and Qatar Airways fly in and out of Tanzania.
Air Tanzania, Precision Air, Zanair and Community Airlines as well as other domestic commercial operators fly to various destinations within and out of the country.
Tanzania is well served by two rail networks - the Tanzania Railways Limited (TRL) which runs passenger and goods services along the Central Line between Dar Es Salaam and terminal stations on both Lake Victoria (Mwanza) and Lake Tanganyika (Kigoma). The second rail network is the Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA).
This railway runs Southwest from Dar Es Salaam for a distance of 1,800 km through the world’s largest and famous Selous Game Reserve and the mineral rich Southern Highlands. It then cuts across the border with Zambia and continues to New Kapiri Mposhi where it is well connected to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia itself, Zimbabwe and South African Railway networks.
The road network plays an important role in the socio-economic development of the country. Over 90% of passenger traffic and 80% of internal freight is carried by roads. The Government, with the support of its development partners, has embarked on an extensive maintenance, rehabilitation and upgrading programme for all roads.
Tanzania has four major ports: Dar Es Salaam, Tanga, Mtwara and Zanzibar. These ports are well equipped and form a very important gateway link to the world and to the land-locked countries of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia and Malawi. Several private ferry boat operators serve the Dar Es Salaam - Zanzibar route using a range of crafts from sailing dhows to tourist-class twin-hull boats.
Useful Information before Travelling to Tanzania
Visitors are advised to have a valid visa before embarking on their journey to Tanzania. Visas can be acquired from any Tanzanian Embassy/High Commission, Consul General Office or Honorary Consul Offices.
Visitors are advised to take precautionary measures to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Visitors may use insect repellent, wear long sleeved shirts and trousers in evenings and utilize mosquito nets. An International Certificate for vaccination against yellow fever is required to enter Zanzibar.
Code of Conduct for tourists visiting Zanzibar
Majority of Zanzibaris practice Islamic faith and this is reflected in their lifestyle and culture. Visitors to Zanzibar are advised to observe the following guidelines: Swim suits, mini skirts and other revealing clothing should not be worn outside hotels, beaches, and resort premises; Drinking alcohol in public may offend the residents; Nudity on the beaches and everywhere else is prohibited by law; Kissing in public or other displays of affection are not customary in Zanzibar and may be construed to be offensive; Taking photographs of residents without asking for their consent can be considered offensive. The State House, Military and other security sensitive areas are out of bounds and no pictures are allowed to be taken.